UNESCO World Heritage Tour
UNESCO has declared 10 World Heritage Sites in Nepal out of which 7 lies inside Kathmandu Valley.These 7 sites are all man made and tells the history of Nepal clearly and amazes tourist because of its spectacular architecture and uniqueness even its shows the way of people living in past,...
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UNESCO has declared 10 World Heritage Sites in Nepal out of which 7 lies inside Kathmandu Valley.These 7 sites are all man made and tells the history of Nepal clearly and amazes tourist because of its spectacular architecture and uniqueness even its shows the way of people living in past, their skills, culture and religion. Each site is different than other and full of Historical event which would help you to understand Nepal and people very clearly.
Bhaktapur the cities of Devotees 20 km east from kathmandu mostly terra-cotta in wood carved columns.The home of best preserved historical monuments including palace,courtyards,temples,pagodas monuments,craftwork,hand-crafted peacock windows reflecting mostly Hinduism and also life style, cultures also known as Bhadgaun to the locals. It consists of four square which is Bhaktapur Darbar Square, Taumadhi Square, Dattatraya Square, Pottery Square. Bhaktapur was capital of Nepal before 15 century. Its main attraction is the Newari people life style and their unique traditons and rituals reflected in the day to day activities. Renowned for Juju Dhau ( King sweet curd ), clay pots and wood carving artistry. Foreigner also got amazed with the clay arts made infornt of them which we could see easily in Pottery square.
55 Windows Palace is another attraction point; it is three storied palace graciously designed and beautifully carved sculptural designs on windows and doors. The palace was built by King Bhupaindra Malla in the 17th century. It has a golden gate and small temple within its premises and many more to explore than to describe in words.
Kathmandu Durbar Square and about Kathmandu
From the part of mythology there are two well known myth about the formation of kathmandu valley. One story says that according to Swayambhu Puran, the kathmandu valley was once a lake and the god named Manjushree cut the gorge at a place called kashapaal (later called chobhar) with a sword called chandrashrasha and drained away the waters in order to establish habitable land and next story according to Gopal Banshawali, Krishna cut the gorge with his sudarshana Chakra to let the water out. He then handed the drained valley to the Gopal Vansi people, who were nomadic cow herders, and also started agriculture there. the first dynasty who ruled kathmandu was Gopal dynasty.
After the gopal dynasty lichhavi dynasty came to kathmandu valley approximately also known as ancient kingdom in nepal. there are many important lichhavi king in history of lichhavi monarch, one of the importaant name Amshuvarma who opened trade route to tibet one of his daughter, Bhrikuti who was married to Tibetan ruler Tsrong-tsong Gompo,there was close relationship between the Lichhavi settelments and trade. During the period of lichhavi dynasty transmisson of Buddhist culture to tibet and all central asia through merchants, pilgrimage is one of the main contribution. Many artistic heritage was also made in the valley in this period which made valley famous. Diffrent architecture is introduced in valley during malla dynasty some are royal palace and hindu temples in patan,bhaktapur taumadhi square, temple of nyatapol, bhaktapur darbar square, old royal palace in kathmandu, kasthamnadap complex, basantapur palace complex, bhairabnath at bhaktapur durbar square and bhaktapur darbar square.
Kathmandu Durbar Square in the heart of old Kathmandu city in Basantapur never fails to impress first time visitors with its intricate wood carvings and rich history. Once the residence of Nepal's Royal family, all coronation ceremonies were held here. The palace is an amalgamation of eastern and western architecture with additions by Rana and Shah rulers over the centuries. An unbelievable 50 temples lie within the vicinity including the temple of the Taleju Bhawani.
Kathmandu Durbar Square also known as Hanuman Dhoka square is one of the major attractions in Kathmandu Valley. Most of the cultural centers of Nepal are concentrated around the Kathmandu valley; among those cultural sites, the important one is the Hanuman-dhoka Durbar Square. The name Hanuman-dhoka Durbar came from the statue of Hanuman established by the King Pratap Malla at the entrance of the royal palace in 1672 A.D. The Durbar Square are is actually made up of two sub-areas. The outer complex is renowned for numerous interesting temples as Kumari Ghar , Kasthamandap , Shiv-Parbati Temple, Jagannath Temple, Big Bell etc ,while the inner complex comprises the old palace area ,Hanuman-dhoka and its courtyards as Nasal Choke ,Mul Choke ,Sundari Choke, Basantapur Durbar and other. Besides the magnificent temples and shrines, it has other interesting aspects are various festivals , cultural activities and traditions people are following from centuries, which are presented in the Durbar Square. The major festivals include Indrajatra, Dashain, Gaaijatra, Machchhindra-nath jatra ets. These are the occasion when the people from all over the city gather here to mark their centuries old traditions. All the carving and architecture in this area are exceptionally fine which make the architecture in this Hanuman-dhoka Durbar square among the most important sights for travelers to see.
Patan Durbar Square
The history of Lalitpur starts from the time of kirat king Yalamber from which its name is given in Newari called as Yala. Patan Darbar Square is the most spectacular example of unique Nepalese architechure and first style of sikhara style. It cover roughly 160 by 70 meters built during the lichchhavi period( beginning of the 1st century to 9th century). Famous palace of Malla kings is also known as Maningal Rajprasad. This palace of Malla kings has been converted into a bronze artefact museum. King Siddhi Narshima Malla(1618-1661) built temple of Lord Krishna in 1636. It consist of 21 gilded pinnacles and all the bas-relief carvings on the wall and ceiling with epic story of Ramayana and Mahabharata.
Other important temples of the Durbar Square are the Char Narayan Temple constructed in 1565 by King Purandhar Singh, the Bishwa Nath Temple constructed by King Sri Niwas Malla in 1626 and the large rectangular three -storeyed Bhimsen Temple constructed in the 16th century. There is also the octagonal Shikhara -Style Krishna Temple known as Chyasilin Dewal. The last malla king was Tej Narshingh Malla after him Shah Dyanasty take over the kingdom.
Boudhanath is also one of the largest and most significant Buddhist monument in the world as it stands for lord of Wisdom.Aerial view of Boudhanath Stupa looks like a giant mandala of the Buddhist cosmos. According to the Tibetian mandalas four of the Buddha make the cardinal point with the fifth Buddha i.e Vairochana enshrined in the center. This five Buddha represents the five element ie earth, water, fire, air and Aether and the nine levels of Boudhanath Stupa represent the mythical Mt.Meru;center of the cosmos and the 13 rings from the base to the pinnacle symbolize the path to enlightenment or Bodhi thats how the name of stupa's given.
Stupa is surrounded by an irregular 16 sided wall and the mantra of Avalokitshvara ie Om Mani Padme Hum is carved on the prayer wheels that surrounds the Stupa's as well. Stupa consists of three platform that represents earth water and sky.As at Swayabunath, Bodnath is topped with a square tower bearing the omnipresent Buddha eyes on all four sides.Instead of a nose is a question-mark-type symbol that is actually the Nepali character for the number 1, symbolizing unity and the one way to reach enlightenment—through the Buddha's teachings. Above this is the third eye, symbolizing the wisdom of the Buddha.
Swayambhunath is more commonly known as "The Monkey Temple" to tourists due to the large number of rhesus primates living there.The front entrance has 365 stone steps which need to be climbed before you reach the main complex and 210 stone steps from back entrance. Swayambhunath was discovered by the great-grandfather of King Manadeva at the begining of the 5th century. The main attraction is a large white stupa surrounded by many small shrines and temples.It is also recognised as the oldest stupa in Nepal.We could also see damaged stone tablet at the site which confirms that King Manadeva records from 640CE.
During the time when whole kathmandu valley was a lake only this part of land was emerged out as a island: according to swayambhu purna a miraculous lotus planted by Buddha started blooming from lake which started radiating mysteriously bright light, thus many saints, sages and divinities traveled to the lake to explore the light for its power in granting enlightment. During this time the Bodhisatva Manjushri was meditating at the sacred mountain of Wu Tai Shan and had a vison of the dazzling Swayambhu light who flew across the mountains of China to worship the lotus. After worshiping the lotus he felt that if the water were drained out of the lake Swayambhu would become more easily accesible to human pilgrims. With a great sword Manjushri cut a gorge in the mountain surrounding the lake. The water drained away and the lotus was then transformed into a hill and the light became the Swayambhunath Stupa.
Pashupatinath is the one of the oldest and the holiest temple of Lord Shiva located on the banks of the Bagmati River. This temple is also listed on UNESCO world heritage site. Pashupatinath means lord of living being Pashu means animal and pati, nath means Lord or owner. Every year many worshiper from all around the world come to visit Pashupatinath. It stands 23.6m from ground and is also famous for cremation on the bank of Bagmati also Royal family were cremated here. It is belief that if hindu are cremated in Pashupatinath the soul will head straight to Kailash and be the member of its guard. It is also mentioned in hindu holybook Pashupatinath is the place where we can find all the god and goddess so visiting here is equal as visiting all the holy place around the world.